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do_netstat.c

/*----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Hobbit RRD handler module.                                                 */
/*                                                                            */
/* Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Henrik Storner <henrik@hswn.dk>                    */
/*                                                                            */
/* This program is released under the GNU General Public License (GPL),       */
/* version 2. See the file "COPYING" for details.                             */
/*                                                                            */
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static char netstat_rcsid[] = "$Id: do_netstat.c,v 1.26 2006/08/03 10:20:51 henrik Rel $";

static char *netstat_params[] = { "rrdcreate", rrdfn, 
                                "DS:udpInDatagrams:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:udpOutDatagrams:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:udpInErrors:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpActiveOpens:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpPassiveOpens:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpAttemptFails:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpEstabResets:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpCurrEstab:GAUGE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpOutDataBytes:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpInInorderBytes:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpInUnorderBytes:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpRetransBytes:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpOutDataPackets:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpInInorderPackets:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpInUnorderPackets:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                                "DS:tcpRetransPackets:DERIVE:600:0:U", 
                          rra1, rra2, rra3, rra4, NULL };
static char *netstat_tpl       = NULL;

static char *udpreceived = NULL,
          *udpsent = NULL,
          *udperrors = NULL;

static char *tcpconnrequests = NULL,
          *tcpconnaccepts = NULL,
          *tcpconnfails = NULL,
          *tcpconncurrent = NULL,
          *tcpconnresets = NULL;

static char *tcpoutdatabytes = NULL, *tcpoutdatapackets = NULL,
          *tcpinorderbytes = NULL, *tcpinorderpackets = NULL,
          *tcpoutorderbytes = NULL, *tcpoutorderpackets = NULL,
            *tcpretransbytes = NULL, *tcpretranspackets = NULL;


static void prepare_update(char *outp)
{
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (udpreceived ? udpreceived : "U")); if (udpreceived) xfree(udpreceived);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (udpsent ? udpsent : "U")); if (udpsent) xfree(udpsent);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (udperrors ? udperrors : "U")); if (udperrors) xfree(udperrors);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpconnrequests ? tcpconnrequests : "U")); if (tcpconnrequests) xfree(tcpconnrequests);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpconnaccepts ? tcpconnaccepts : "U")); if (tcpconnaccepts) xfree(tcpconnaccepts);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpconnfails ? tcpconnfails : "U")); if (tcpconnfails) xfree(tcpconnfails);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpconncurrent ? tcpconncurrent : "U")); if (tcpconncurrent) xfree(tcpconncurrent);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpconnresets ? tcpconnresets : "U")); if (tcpconnresets) xfree(tcpconnresets);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpoutdatabytes ? tcpoutdatabytes : "U")); if (tcpoutdatabytes) xfree(tcpoutdatabytes);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpinorderbytes ? tcpinorderbytes : "U")); if (tcpinorderbytes) xfree(tcpinorderbytes);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpoutorderbytes ? tcpoutorderbytes : "U")); if (tcpoutorderbytes) xfree(tcpoutorderbytes);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpretransbytes ? tcpretransbytes : "U")); if (tcpretransbytes) xfree(tcpretransbytes);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpoutdatapackets ? tcpoutdatapackets : "U")); if (tcpoutdatapackets) xfree(tcpoutdatapackets);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpinorderpackets ? tcpinorderpackets : "U")); if (tcpinorderpackets) xfree(tcpinorderpackets);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpoutorderpackets ? tcpoutorderpackets : "U")); if (tcpoutorderpackets) xfree(tcpoutorderpackets);
      outp += sprintf(outp, ":%s", (tcpretranspackets ? tcpretranspackets : "U")); if (tcpretranspackets) xfree(tcpretranspackets);
}

static int handle_pcre_netstat(char *msg, pcre **pcreset, char *outp)
{
      enum { AT_NONE, AT_TCP, AT_UDP } sect = AT_NONE;
      int havedata = 0;
      char *datapart, *eoln;
      char *udperr1 = NULL, *udperr2 = NULL, *udperr3 = NULL;
      unsigned long udperrs, udperrtotal = 0;
      char udpstr[20];

      datapart = msg;
      while (datapart && (havedata != 11)) {
            eoln = strchr(datapart, '\n'); if (eoln) *eoln = '\0';

            if (strncasecmp(datapart, "tcp:", 4) == 0) 
                  sect = AT_TCP;
            else if (strncasecmp(datapart, "udp:", 4) == 0)
                  sect = AT_UDP;
            else {
                  switch (sect) {
                    case AT_TCP:
                        if (pickdata(datapart, pcreset[0],  0, &tcpretranspackets, &tcpretransbytes)   ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[1],  0, &tcpoutdatapackets, &tcpoutdatabytes)   ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[2],  0, &tcpinorderpackets, &tcpinorderbytes)   ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[3],  0, &tcpoutorderpackets, &tcpoutorderbytes) ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[4],  0, &tcpconnrequests)                       ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[5],  0, &tcpconnaccepts)) havedata++;
                        break;

                    case AT_UDP:
                        if (pickdata(datapart, pcreset[6],  0, &udpreceived)   ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[7],  0, &udpsent)       ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[8],  0, &udperr1)       ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[9],  0, &udperr2)       ||
                            pickdata(datapart, pcreset[10], 0, &udperr3)) havedata++;
                        break;

                    default:
                        break;
                  }
            }
            if (eoln) { *eoln = '\n'; datapart = (eoln+1); } else datapart = NULL;
      }

      if (udperr1) { udperrs = atol(udperr1); udperrtotal += udperrs; xfree(udperr1); }
      if (udperr2) { udperrs = atol(udperr2); udperrtotal += udperrs; xfree(udperr2); }
      if (udperr3) { udperrs = atol(udperr3); udperrtotal += udperrs; xfree(udperr3); }
      sprintf(udpstr, "%ld", udperrtotal); udperrors = strdup(udpstr);

      prepare_update(outp);
      return (havedata != 0);
}


/* PCRE for OSF/1 */
static const char *netstat_osf_exprs[] = {
      /* TCP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) retransmitted$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) received in-sequence$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) out-of-order packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection requests$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection accepts$",
      /* UDP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets received$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets sent$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) incomplete headers$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad data length fields$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad checksums$"
};

/* PCRE for SCO_SV */
static const char *netstat_sco_sv_exprs[] = {
      /* TCP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) retransmitted$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) received in-sequence$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) out-of-order packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection requests$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection accepts$",
      /* UDP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) incomplete headers$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad data length fields$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad checksums$"
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) input packets delivered$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets sent$"
};


/* PCRE for AIX: Matches AIX 4.3.3 5.1 5.2 5.3 and probably others */
static const char *netstat_aix_exprs[] = {
      /* TCP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) retransmitted$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) received in-sequence$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) out-of-order packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection requests$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection accepts$",
      /* UDP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) datagrams received$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) datagrams output$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) incomplete headers$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad data length fields$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad checksums$"
};



/* PCRE for IRIX: Matches IRIX 6.5, possibly others. */
static const char *netstat_irix_exprs[] = {
      /* TCP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) retransmitted$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) received in-sequence$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) out-of-order packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection requests$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection accepts$",
      /* UDP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) total datagrams received$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) datagrams output$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) incomplete header$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad data length field$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad checksum$"
};

/* PCRE for HP-UX: Matches HP-UX 11.11, possibly others */
static const char *netstat_hpux_exprs[] = {
      /* TCP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) retransmitted$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) received in-sequence$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) out of order packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection requests$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection accepts$",
      /* UDP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) datagrams received$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) datagrams output$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) incomplete headers$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad data length fields$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) bad checksums$"
};

/* PCRE for *BSD: FreeBSD 4.10, OpenBSD and NetBSD */
static const char *netstat_bsd_exprs[] = {
      /* TCP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) retransmitted$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) data packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\) received in-sequence$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) out-of-order packets \\(([0-9]+) bytes\\)$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection requests$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) connection accepts$",
      /* UDP patterns */
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) datagrams received$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) datagrams output$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) with incomplete header$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) with bad data length field$",
      "^[\t ]*([0-9]+) with bad checksum$",
};

/* This one matches the netstat output from Solaris 8, and also the hpux and aix from bf-netstat */
static char *netstat_unix_markers[] = {
      "udpInDatagrams",
      "udpOutDatagrams",
      "udpInErrors",
      "tcpActiveOpens",
      "tcpPassiveOpens",
      "tcpAttemptFails",
      "tcpEstabResets",
      "tcpCurrEstab",
      "tcpOutDataBytes",
      "tcpInInorderBytes",
      "tcpInUnorderBytes",
      "tcpRetransBytes",
      "tcpOutDataSegs",
      "tcpInInorderSegs",
      "tcpInUnorderSegs",
      "tcpRetransSegs",
      NULL
};

/* This one matches the *BSD's */
static char *netstat_freebsd_markers[] = {
      "datagrams received",
      "datagrams output",
      "",  /* Multiple counters, wont add them up. */
      "connection requests",
      "connection accepts",
      "bad connection attempts",
      "",  /* Appears not to count resets */
      "connections established",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "packets sent",
      "received in-sequence",
      "out-of-order packets",
      "",  /* N data packets (X bytes) retransmitted */
      NULL
};

/* This one matches all Linux systems */
static char *netstat_linux_markers[] = {
      "packets received",
      "packets sent",
      "packet receive errors",
      "active connections openings",
      "passive connection openings",
      "failed connection attempts",
      "connection resets received",
      "connections established",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "segments send out",    /* Yes, they really do write "send" */
      "segments received",
      "",
      "segments retransmited",
      NULL
};

// /* This one matches sco_sv systems -- useless :( */
// static char *netstat_sco_sv_markers[] = {
//         "input packets delivered",
//    "packets sent",
//    "", /* may be "system errors during input" */
//    "connection requests",
//    "connection accepts",
//    "failed connect and accept requests",
//    "resets received while established",
//    "connections established",
//    "", /* XX data packets (YY bytes) */
//    "", /* check: XX packets (YY bytes) received in-sequence */
//    "", /* check: XX out-of-order packets (YY bytes) */
//    "", /* XX data packets (YY bytes) retransmitted */
//    "", /* maybe "data packets" ? */
//    "", /* check: XX packets (YY bytes) received in-sequence */
//    "out-of-order packets",
//    "", /* data packets (YY bytes) retransmitted */
//    NULL
// };

/* This one matches the "snmpnetstat" output from UCD-SNMP */
static char *netstat_snmp_markers[] = {
      "total datagrams received",
      "output datagram requests",
      "datagrams dropped due to errors",
      "active opens",
      "passive opens",
      "failed attempts",
      "resets of established connections",
      "current established connections",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "segments sent",
      "segments received",
      "",
      "segments retransmitted",
      NULL
};

/* This one is for the Win32 netstat tool */
static char *netstat_win32_markers[] = {
      "udpDatagramsReceived",
      "udpDatagramsSent",
      "udpReceiveErrors",
      "tcpActiveOpens",
      "tcpPassiveOpens",
      "tcpFailedConnectionAttempts",
      "tcpResetConnections",
      "tcpCurrentConnections",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "",
      "tcpSegmentsSent",
      "tcpSegmentsReceived",
      "",
      "tcpSegmentsRetransmitted",
      NULL
};

static int do_valaftermarkerequal(char *layout[], char *msg, char *outp)
{
      int i, gotany = 0;
      char *ln;

      i = 0;
      while (layout[i]) {
            int gotval = 0;

            if (strlen(layout[i])) {
                  ln = strstr(msg, layout[i]);
                  if (ln) {
                        ln += strlen(layout[i]);
                        ln += strspn(ln, " \t");
                        if (*ln == '=') { 
                              int numlen;
                              ln++; ln += strspn(ln, " \t");
                              numlen = strspn(ln, "0123456789");
                              *outp = ':'; outp++; memcpy(outp, ln, numlen); outp += numlen; *outp = '\0';
                              gotany = gotval = 1;
                        }
                  }
            }

            if (!gotval) outp += sprintf(outp, ":U");
            i++;
      }

      return gotany;
}

static int do_valbeforemarker(char *layout[], char *msg, char *outp)
{
      int i, gotany = 0;
      char *ln;

      i = 0;
      while (layout[i]) {
            int gotval = 0;

            if (strlen(layout[i])) {
                  ln = strstr(msg, layout[i]);
                  while (ln && (ln > msg) && (*ln != '\n')) ln--;
                  if (ln) {
                        int numlen;
                        if (*ln == '\n') ln++; ln += strspn(ln, " \t");
                        numlen = strspn(ln, "0123456789");
                        *outp = ':'; outp++; memcpy(outp, ln, numlen); outp += numlen; *outp = '\0';
                        gotany = gotval = 1;
                  }
            }

            if (!gotval) outp += sprintf(outp, ":U");
            i++;
      }

      return gotany;
}

int do_netstat_rrd(char *hostname, char *testname, char *msg, time_t tstamp)
{
      static int pcres_compiled = 0;
      static pcre **netstat_osf_pcres = NULL;
      static pcre **netstat_aix_pcres = NULL;
      static pcre **netstat_irix_pcres = NULL;
      static pcre **netstat_hpux_pcres = NULL;
      static pcre **netstat_bsd_pcres = NULL;
      static pcre **netstat_sco_sv_pcres = NULL;

      enum ostype_t ostype;
      char *datapart = msg;
      char *outp;
      int havedata = 0;

      if (netstat_tpl == NULL) netstat_tpl = setup_template(netstat_params);
      if (pcres_compiled == 0) {
            pcres_compiled = 1;
            netstat_osf_pcres = compile_exprs("OSF", netstat_osf_exprs, 
                                     (sizeof(netstat_osf_exprs) / sizeof(netstat_osf_exprs[0])));
            netstat_aix_pcres = compile_exprs("AIX", netstat_aix_exprs, 
                                     (sizeof(netstat_aix_exprs) / sizeof(netstat_aix_exprs[0])));
            netstat_irix_pcres = compile_exprs("IRIX", netstat_irix_exprs, 
                                     (sizeof(netstat_irix_exprs) / sizeof(netstat_irix_exprs[0])));
            netstat_hpux_pcres= compile_exprs("HP-UX", netstat_hpux_exprs, 
                                     (sizeof(netstat_hpux_exprs) / sizeof(netstat_hpux_exprs[0])));
            netstat_bsd_pcres = compile_exprs("BSD", netstat_bsd_exprs, 
                                     (sizeof(netstat_bsd_exprs) / sizeof(netstat_bsd_exprs[0])));
            netstat_sco_sv_pcres = compile_exprs("SCO_SV", netstat_sco_sv_exprs, 
                                     (sizeof(netstat_sco_sv_exprs) / sizeof(netstat_sco_sv_exprs[0])));
      }

      if ((strncmp(msg, "status", 6) == 0) || (strncmp(msg, "data", 4) == 0)) {
            /* Skip the first line of full status- and data-messages. */
            datapart = strchr(msg, '\n');
            if (datapart) datapart++; else datapart = msg;
      }

      ostype = get_ostype(datapart);
      datapart = strchr(datapart, '\n');
      if (datapart) {
            datapart++; 
      }
      else {
            errprintf("Too few lines in netstat report from %s\n", hostname);
            return -1;
      }

      /* Setup the update string */
      outp = rrdvalues + sprintf(rrdvalues, "%d", (int)tstamp);

      switch (ostype) {
        case OS_SOLARIS: 
            /*
             * UDP
             *    udpInDatagrams      =420642     udpInErrors         =     0
             * TCP     
             *    tcpRtoAlgorithm     =     4     tcpRtoMin           =   400
             */
            havedata = do_valaftermarkerequal(netstat_unix_markers, datapart, outp);
            break;

        case OS_OSF:
            havedata = handle_pcre_netstat(datapart, netstat_osf_pcres, outp);
            break;

        case OS_AIX: 
            havedata = handle_pcre_netstat(datapart, netstat_aix_pcres, outp);
            /* Handle the bf-netstat output, for old clients */
            if (!havedata) havedata = do_valaftermarkerequal(netstat_unix_markers, datapart, outp);
            break;

        case OS_HPUX: 
            havedata = handle_pcre_netstat(datapart, netstat_hpux_pcres, outp);
            /* Handle the bf-netstat output, for old clients */
            if (!havedata) havedata = do_valaftermarkerequal(netstat_unix_markers, datapart, outp);
            break;

        case OS_IRIX:
            havedata = handle_pcre_netstat(datapart, netstat_irix_pcres, outp);
            break;

        case OS_FREEBSD:
        case OS_NETBSD:
        case OS_OPENBSD:
        case OS_DARWIN:
            havedata = handle_pcre_netstat(datapart, netstat_bsd_pcres, outp);
            if (!havedata) havedata = do_valbeforemarker(netstat_freebsd_markers, datapart, outp);
            break;

        case OS_LINUX22:
        case OS_LINUX:
        case OS_RHEL3:
            /* These are of the form "<value> <marker" */
            datapart = strstr(datapart, "\nTcp:");    /* Skip to the start of "Tcp" (udp comes after) */
            if (datapart) havedata = do_valbeforemarker(netstat_linux_markers, datapart, outp);
            break;

        case OS_SNMP:
            havedata = do_valbeforemarker(netstat_snmp_markers, datapart, outp);
            break;

        case OS_WIN32:
            havedata = do_valaftermarkerequal(netstat_win32_markers, datapart, outp);
            break;

        case OS_SCO_SV:
              havedata = handle_pcre_netstat(datapart, netstat_sco_sv_pcres, outp);
            break;

        case OS_UNKNOWN:
            errprintf("Host '%s' reports netstat for an unknown OS\n", hostname);
            return -1;
      }

      if (havedata > 0) {
            sprintf(rrdfn, "netstat.rrd");
            return create_and_update_rrd(hostname, rrdfn, netstat_params, netstat_tpl);
      }
      else {
            return -1;
      }
}


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